During the fall and winter seasons, viruses and illnesses become a main focus of health problems. Viruses can be found on or in just about every material and environment on Earth; this prevalence makes contracting viruses effortless.
- Virus comes from the Latin word for “poison” or “slimy liquid,” an apt descriptor for the bug that causes flu and the common cold.
- Viruses are not considered living organisms. But this is very controversial. Not all scientists believe they ar non living organisms. Some believe they are extrinsic agents and others believe they are “minute living” microorganisms.
- Viruses depend on cells to replicate.
- Viruses are already known to infect humans, animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, archaea, and bacteria.
- Some viral proteins do some good. For instance, they may help protect you from other viruses that could do harm.
The structure of a virus includes an envelope constituted by proteins and genetic material of DNA or RNA. All of these components are thermo-sensible. The genetic material and the proteins have complex structures regulating their function and change in this structure may result in a loss of function known as denaturizing.
There are two basic means by which denaturing occurs: a change in PH or temperature. In many cases of airborne viruses, high temperatures inhibit the release of proteins necessary for the success of the infection.